Indonesia, a Southeast Asian nation made up of thousands of volcanic islands, is home to hundreds of ethnic groups speaking many different languages. It’s known for beaches, volcanoes, Komodo dragons and jungles sheltering elephants, orangutans and tigers. On the island of Java lies Indonesia’s vibrant, sprawling capital, Jakarta, and the city of Yogyakarta, known for gamelan music and traditional puppetry.
Dialing code: +62
Official languages: Indonesian
The Indonesian archipelago geographically stretches across four time zones from UTC+6 in Aceh to UTC+9 in Western Papua. However, The Indonesian government only recognizes three time zones in its territory:
• Indonesia Western Time—seven hours in advance (UTC+7) of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
• Indonesia Central Time— eight hours ahead (UTC+8) of GMT; and
• Indonesia Eastern Time—nine hours ahead (UTC+9) of GMT
Freq. used: Rp 1000, Rp 2000, Rp 5000, Rp 10,000, Rp 20,000, Rp 50,000, Rp 100,000
Freq. used: Rp 100, Rp 200, Rp 500, Rp 1000
Central Bank: Bank Indonesia
Visa policy of Indonesia
Visitors to Indonesia must obtain a visa from one of the Indonesian diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries or one of the countries eligible for visa on arrival. All visitors must hold a passport valid for 6 months, even those with visa free access.
Passport must be valid for at least 6 months from the date of arrival and have valid return ticket. The immigration officer at the port of entry may ask the passenger to produce any necessary documents (such as hotel reservation and proof of finance).
Nationals holding passport from the following 168 countries and territories are eligible to enter and remain in Indonesia without a visa for 30 days for tourism purpose only. The visa free facility does not allow the change into other permits or visa extension. Passport holders from all visa exempt countries can enter Indonesia through one of the 124 designated border crossings. The list at the Indonesian Immigration website is different from the list of immigration points f.e. at the website of the Indonesian Embassy in the UK and in Germany. According to this list, for passport holders from 153 countries there are five airports and some more seaports for entering Indonesia with the 30-days-stamp, while exiting seems to be possible everywhere.
Visa on Arrival
Nationals of some countries may apply for a Visa on Arrival for a length of stay of 30 days at designated entry points by paying US$35. Such visa may be extended once for another 30 days.
Nationals who are not eligible for visa free entry or visa on arrival need to apply for a visa at an Indonesian embassy or consulate.
Nationals from 10 following countries (Afghanistan, Cameroon, Guinea, Israel, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Somalia) require an approval from Immigration Office in Indonesia before travelling for Business, Tourist and Social Visits purposes (this policy is called Indonesian Calling Visa)
Indonesia has 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as Komodo National Park, Cultural Landscape of Bali, Ujung Kulon National Park, Lorentz National Park, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, comprises three national parks on the island of Sumatra: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park; and 18 World Heritage Sites in tentative list, such as the historic urban centers of Jakarta Old Town, Sawahlunto Old Coal Mining Town, Semarang Old Town, as well as Muara Takus Compound Site.
The heritage tourism is focused on specific interest on Indonesian history, such as colonial architectural heritage of Dutch East Indies era. The activities among others are visiting museums, churches, forts and historical colonial buildings, as well as spend some nights in colonial heritage hotels. The popular heritage tourism attractions are Jakarta Old Town and the royal Javanese courts of Yogyakarta, Surakarta and the Mangkunegaran.
Bali Island received the Best Island award from Travel and Leisure in 2010. Bali Island won because of its attractive surroundings (both mountain and coastal areas), diverse tourist attractions, excellent international and local restaurants, and the friendliness of the local people. According to BBC Travel released in 2011, Bali is one of the World’s Best Islands, ranking second after Santorini, Greece. Bali is a major world surfing destination, with popular breaks dotted across the southern coastline and around the offshore island of Nusa Lembongan. As part of the Coral Triangle, Bali, including Nusa Penida, offers a wide range of dive sites with varying types of reefs.
Indonesia has around 5,350 traditional recipes, with 30 of them considered the most important. Indonesia cuisine may include rice, noodle and soup dishes in local modest shops to street-side snacks and top-dollar plates.
Indonesian cuisine varies greatly by region and has many different influences Sumatran cuisine, for example, often has Middle Eastern and Indian influences, featuring curried meat and vegetables such as gulai and curry, while Javanese cuisine is mostly indigenous, with some hint of Chinese influence. The cuisines of Eastern Indonesia are similar to Polynesian and Melanesian cuisine. Elements of Chinese cuisine can be seen in Indonesian cuisine: foods such as noodles, meat balls, and spring rolls have been completely assimilated.